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Birds of Midway Atoll                         send mail to webmaster

Revised 1997 by Stephen F. Bailey with Robert L. Pyle and Peter Pyle

 
Albatross  
Short-tailed Albatross rare, visitor,endangered
Black-footed Albatross abundant, breeding ,visitor
Laysan Albatross abundant, breeding, visitor
Petrels, Shearwaters  
Northern Fulmar casual, visitor
Bonin Petrel abundant, breeding, visitor, nocturnal
Bulwer's Petrel extirpated, breeding, visitor
Jouanin's Petrel casual, visitor
Wedge-tailed Shearwater common, breeding, visitor, nocturnal
Sooty Shearwater rare, visitor
Christmas Shearwater uncommon, breeding, visitor
Newell's ( Townsend's) Shearwater rare, visitor
Little Shearwater casual, visitor
Storm-petrels  
Leach's Storm-petrel rare, visitor
Tristram's Storm-petrel rare, visitor ( recolonizing breeding visitor ?)
Tropicbirds  
White-tailed Tropicbird rare, breeding, visitor
Red-tailed Tropicbird abundant, breeding, resident
Boobies  
Masked Booby rare, breeding, resident
Brown Booby rare non-breeding, resident (extirpated breeder)
Red-footed Booby common, breeding resident
Cormorants  
Pelagic Cormorant casual, visitor
Frigatebirds  
Great Frigatebird common, breeding, visitor
Lesser Frigatesbird casual, visitor
Herons  
Cattle Egret rare, visitor
Black-crowned Night-Heron casual,visitor
                                        Waterfowl
Tundra Swan
Greater White-fronted Goose
Snow Goose
Emperor Goose
Canada Goose
Green-winged Teal
Mallard
Northern Pintail
Garganey
Northern Shoveler
Gadwall
Eurasian Widgeon
American Wigeon
Pochard
Canvasback
Redhead
Tufted Duck
Lesser Scaup
Harlequin Duck
Oldsquaw
Black Scoter
Common Goldeneye
Bufflehead,
rare or casual visitors
Raptors
Osprey,
Black Kite
Steller's Sea- Eagle
Northern Harrier
Merlin,
Peregrine Falcon
casual visitors
Rails  
Laysan Rail extinct, resident, introduced
Common Moorhen,
Hawaiian Coot
casual, visitor
Plovers  
Black-bellied Plover casual, visitor
Pacific Golden Plover common, visitor
Common Ringed Plover casual visitor
Semipalmated Plover casual, visitor
Sandpipers  
Greater Yellowlegs
Lesser Yellowlegs
Wood Sandpiper
casual,visitor
Wandering Tattler uncommon,visitor
Gray-tailed Tattler
Spotted Sandpiper
Whimbrel
casual ,visitor
Bristle-thighed Curlew common, visitor
Bar-tailed Godwit
casual,visitor
Ruddy Turnstone common,visitor
Red Knot casual,visitor
Sanderling uncommon,visitor
Western Sandpiper
Long-toed Stint
casual,visitor
Pectoral Sandpiper
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
rare,visitor
Dunlin
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Ruff
Short-billed Dowitcher
Long-billed Dowitcher
Common Snipe
casual,visitor
   
Gulls  
Franklin's Gull
Black-headed Gull
Silver Gull
Ring-billed Gull
Herring Gull
Slaty-backed Gull
Glaucous-winged Gull
Glaucous Gull
Black-legged Kittiwake
casual,visitor
Terns  
Little Tern casual, visitor
Gray-backed Tern common,breeding,visitor
Sooty Tern abundant breeding visitor
Black Tern casual,visitor
Brown Noddy common, breeding, visitor
Black Noddy abundant, breeding, visitor
Common White-tern abundant, breeding, resident
Alcids  
Ancient Murrelet
Parakeet Auklet
Horned Puffin
casual, visitor
Pigeons  
Rock Dove extirpated, resident, introduced
Cuckoos  
Common Cuckoo casual, visitor
Owls  
Short-eared Owl rare, visitor
Swifts  
Fork-tailed Swift casual,visitor
Larks  
Eurasian Sky Lark casual, visitor
Swallows  

Barn Swallow

casual,visitor
Starlings and Myna  
Common Myna common, breeding, resident, introduced
Finches  
Common Redpoll casual, visitor
Common Canary abundant, breeding, resident, introduced
Laysan Finch extirpated, resident, introduced, endangered
House Sparrow casual, visitor (from ship?)
 

Definitions

Abundant - Very numerous in proper habitats; peak populations may exceed 5000

Common - Numerous in at least some habitats; peak populations usually 100-5000

Uncommon - Occurs regularly; peak populations usually 10-100

Rare - Probably regular, but in small numbers, usually fewer than 10

Casual - Irregular and very rare; infrequent in very small numbers

Extirpated - Population on Midway no longer survives.

Extinct - Species no longer survives anywhere

Breeding Resident - Non-migratory breeding population present year-round

Breeding visitor (seabirds) - Breeds on Midway; most or all individuals spend non-breeding season at sea; a few may appear all year.

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